Chapter VI - Of the Fall of Man, Sin, and the Punishment Thereof

I. Our first parents, being seduced by the subtilty and temptations of Satan, sinned, in eating the forbidden fruit.(Gen 3:13, 2 Cor 11:3) This their sin, God was pleased, according to His wise and holy counsel, to permit, having purposed to order it to His own glory.(Rom 11:32)

II. By this sin they fell from their original righteousness and communion, with God,(Gen 3:6-8, Ecc 7:29, Rom 3:23) and so became dead in sin,(Gen 2:17, Eph 2:1) and wholly defiled in all the parts and faculties of soul and body.(Titus 1:15, Gen 6:5, Jer 7:19, Rom 3:10-18)

III. They being the root of all mankind, the guilt of this sin was imputed;(Gen 1:27-28, 2:16-17, Acts 17:26, Rom 5:12, 15-19, 1 Cor 15:21-22, 45, 49) and the same death in sin, and corrupted nature, conveyed to all their posterity descending from them by ordinary generation.(Psa 51:5, Gen 5:3, Job 14:4, 15:4)

IV. From this original corruption, whereby we are utterly indisposed, disabled, and made opposite to all good,(Rom 5:6, 8:7, Col 1:21) and wholly inclined to all evil,(Gen 6:5, 8:21, Rom 3:10,-12) do proceed all actual transgressions.(James 1:14-15, Eph 2:2-3, Matt 15:19)

V. This corruption of nature, during this life, does remain in those that are regenerated;(1 John 1:8, Rom 7:14, 18, 23, James 3:2, Pro 20:9, Ecc 7:20) and although it be, through Christ, pardoned, and mortified; yet both itself, and all the motions thereof, are truly and properly sin.Rom 7:5, 7-8, 25, Gal 5:17)

VI. Every sin, both original and actual, being a transgression of the righteous law of God, and contrary thereunto,(1 John 3:4) does in its own nature, bring guilt upon the sinner,(Rom 2:15, 3:9, 19) whereby he is bound over to the wrath of God,(Eph 2:3) and curse of the law,(Gal 3:10) and so made subject to death,(Rom 6:23) with all miseries spiritual,(Eph 4:18) temporal,(Rom 8:20, Lam 3:39) and eternal.(Matt 25:41, 2 Thess 1:9)